Portuguese water dog

Origin: The Portuguese water dog, also known as the Cão de Água (water dog), was bred in Portugal in the 18th century. Its ancestors were most likely African breeds of dogs brought to Europe during the slave trade.

Role in Fishing: Portuguese fishermen used Portuguese water dogs to hunt fish, which was done in a special way. The dog would take off into the water to scare away the fish and then return to the boat to help the fishermen haul in the catch. Dogs were also used to carry messages between boats and to guard the boats.

Worldwide Distribution: Portuguese water dogs were common in Portugal and Spain as early as the 18th century. However, when fishing ceased to be the main occupation for many people, the breed began to decline in numbers. In the 1930s, a group of enthusiasts began breeding the breed, which helped it survive. Now, Portuguese water dogs are popular in many countries, including the United States, Canada, Great Britain and Japan.

Characteristics of the Portuguese water dog

Appearance: Portuguese water dogs have a thick, curly coat that protects them from the cold and water. They are of medium size and have a muscular build. The head is medium length, with small ears and dark eyes.

Character and behavioral traits: Portuguese Water Dogs are intelligent and very loyal to their owners. They have a playful and energetic personality and love to swim. They are also known for their ability to find lost people and participate in rescue operations. This is a breed that requires a lot of attention and love, and is not recommended for those who cannot give enough time to their pet.

Health and Genetic Diseases: Like most breeds, Portuguese Water Dogs can have some genetic diseases. Some of the most common problems include eye disease, hip dysplasia and hypothyroidism. Prospective owners should be prepared for the high medical costs of a Portuguese Water Dog.

Features of the care of the Portuguese Water Dog

Daily grooming: Portuguese water dogs require regular haircuts and brushing of teeth and ears. Their curly hair requires regular grooming to avoid tangles and tangles. They also need daily walks and exercise to stay healthy and happy.

Feeding: Portuguese Water Dogs should receive quality food appropriate to their age, weight and activity level. It is important to control the amount of food to avoid being overweight, which can lead to health problems.

Exercise and Physical Activity: Portuguese Water Dogs need regular exercise and physical activity. They are very energetic and love to swim and play. It is important to give them plenty of room to run and play so they can let their energy out.

Popularity of the breed and its use in the modern world

Competitions and Shows: Portuguese water dogs compete in many competitions and shows around the world. They compete in swimming, diving and other water sports.

Use as rescue dogs: Portuguese water dogs are also used as rescue dogs, for example in case of floods and other emergencies. They have an excellent sense of smell and the ability to navigate in water.

Top 10 facts about the Portuguese water dog:

  1. Portuguese water dogs are very intelligent and capable of performing complex tasks. They are often used as rescue dogs during emergencies.
  2. This breed has a dense, curly coat that protects them from the cold and water.
  3. Portuguese fishermen used Portuguese water dogs to hunt fish, as well as to deliver messages and guard on the boondocks.
  4. Their breed is known for their love of water, and they love to swim.
  5. Portuguese water dogs have a muscular build and average size.
  6. They have a playful and energetic personality and are very loyal to their owners.
  7. The Portuguese Water Dog has been recognized as a national symbol of Portugal.
  8. This breed can learn many tricks and commands due to its learning ability.
  9. Portuguese water dogs can swim long distances and even darken their fur to adjust to the temperature of the water.
  10. Portuguese water dogs need regular coat care, including daily brushing of teeth and ears, as well as regular haircuts.


The Portuguese Water Dog is a very interesting breed of dog that is known for its love of water, intelligence, loyalty and ability to perform complex tasks. They are used as rescue dogs during emergencies and also participate in various competitions and shows around the world. They have curly, dense coats that protect them from the cold and water and require regular grooming and exercise. If you love the water and are looking for a loyal and energetic pet, the Portuguese Water Dog may be a great choice for you.