History of the Cirneco dell’Etna breed
Origin and distribution of the breed: The Cirneco dell’Etna is an ancient dog breed originating from the island of Sicily, Italy. The name of the breed comes from the name of the volcano Etna, on the slopes of which these dogs live. The Chirneco del Etna is thought to have originated in the ancient Etruscan civilizations and was widely used for hunting hares, rabbits and other small animals.
Role of dogs in ancient Etruscan life: Chirneko del etna dogs played an important role in the life of the ancient Etruscans, who valued their abilities for hunting and protection. These dogs were depicted on many artifacts of Etruscan culture, including sculptures, pottery, and paintings. In addition to hunting, the Chirneko del Etna was used to guard property and as a companion.
Changes in the breed’s population in the twentieth century: In the twentieth century, the Chirneco del Etna population in Sicily was seriously threatened and the breed was considered extremely rare. However, thanks to the efforts of enthusiasts, the breed was saved and was even recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) in 1956.
Current state of the breed: Today, the Chirneko del Etna continues to be used as a hunting and protection dog and is also becoming increasingly popular as a pet. In 2019, the breed was entered into the AKC (American Kennel Club) dog breed registry, making it available for shows.
Description of the Chirneko del Etna breed
Appearance and size: The Chirneko Del Etna is a small dog of medium strength, which can reach a weight of 10 to 12 kg and a height of 42 to 51 cm at the withers. It has a fragile and graceful figure with slender legs and a long graceful tail.
Coats and colors: The coat of the Chirneko Del Etna is short, smooth and dense, with no undercoat. Colors can range from red to light brown, and also include white markings on the chest, paws, and tail tips.
Health and Potential Health Problems: The Chirneko del Etna is a relatively healthy breed, but like other breeds, they can have potential health problems such as eye problems, hip dysplasia and allergies.
Character and Behavior of Chirneko del Etna: Chirneko del Etna are known for their intelligence and loyalty to their owner. They are very energetic and love to play, but they can also be independent and wary of strangers. These dogs are very social and need plenty of physical and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy. They can live in an apartment, but they need plenty of outdoor walking.
Breed Maintenance and Care Requirements: Although the Chirneko del Etna does not require much grooming, they still need regular brushing, claw trimming, and ear brushing. They also need plenty of physical activity and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy. An annual physical exam by the veterinarian is also recommended.
Current uses for Chirneco del Etna dogs: Today, the Chirneco del Etna is used as a hunting dog, companion dog, and dog show exhibitor. They can also be used for tricks and training. These dogs have a fairly high level of energy and intelligence, making them good candidates for training.
Top 10 facts about Chirneco del Etna:
- The history of the Chirneco del Etna breed dates back to antiquity-these dogs were popular among the Etruscans who lived on the island of Sicily.
- The name of the breed comes from the volcano Etna, on the slopes of which these dogs live.
- The Chirneco del Etna is a small dog of medium strength, which can reach a weight of 10 to 12 kg and a height at the withers of 42 to 51 cm.
- The coat of the Chirneko del Etna is short, smooth and dense, with no undercoat. Colors can range from red to light brown.
- The Chirneko del Etna are very energetic dogs that need plenty of physical and mental stimulation.
- The Chirneko del Etna is known for its intelligence and loyalty to its owner, but it can also be independent and wary of strangers.
- Chirneco del etna dogs are used for hunting hares, rabbits and other small animals, as well as companions and exhibitors at dog shows.
- The Chirneco del Etna is a relatively healthy breed, but like other breeds, they can have potential health problems.
- The Chirneko del Etna is an extremely rare breed – its population was seriously threatened in the 20th century.
- In 2019, the Chirneko del Etna was listed in the American AKC dog breed club registry, making it available for shows.
The Chirneko del Etna is an interesting and personable dog breed that has an ancient history and unique character. These dogs can be great companions and partners for hunting, as well as successfully participate in dog shows and tricks. However, to keep this breed healthy and happy, they need to provide plenty of exercise and mental stimulation, regular grooming and medical checkups at the vet.